Agenda Item No
The Vale of Glamorgan Council
Cabinet Meeting: 4th March 2013
Report of the Cabinet Member for Regeneration, Innovation, Planning and Transportation
County Surveyors Society Wales Parking Standards 2008
Purpose of the Report
1. This report has been prepared to advise Cabinet of the County Surveyors Society (CSS) Wales Parking Standards 2008 and to seek Cabinet endorsement of the CSS standards for the production of Supplementary Planning Guidance to accompany the Local Development Plan (LDP).
1. That Cabinet endorse the CSS Wales Parking Standards 2008 for use in the production of Supplementary Planning Guidance for the Vale of Glamorgan LDP.
2. That a further report be presented to Cabinet on a draft Supplementary Planning Guidance for Car Parking Standards.
Reasons for the Recommendation
1. To endorse the CSS Wales Parking Standards 2008 for use within the Vale of Glamorgan.
2. To enable a draft Supplementary Planning Guidance for Car Parking Standards to be produced for consultation purposes.
2. Since 1995 local authorities within South East Wales have relied upon the Standing Conference on Regional Policy in South Wales Parking Guidelines (Revised in 1993 with a 2001 Addendum) to provide guidance on the parking requirements of varying types of land use development. These guidelines were based on a minimum parking standard i.e. a minimum number of parking spaces to be provided subject to the size and type of development proposed.
3. Since 1993 there has been a fundamental shift in national planning and transport policy and a move away from providing a minimum number of parking spaces associated with any development. In particular, paragraph 8.4.2 of Planning Policy Wales Edition 5 (November 2012)(PPW) states that:
8.4.2 Car parking provision is a major influence on the choice of means of transport and the pattern of development. Local authorities should ensure that new developments provide lower levels of parking than have generally been achieved in the past. Minimum parking standards are no longer appropriate. Local authorities should develop an integrated strategy on parking to support the overall transport and locational policies of the development plan.
Furthermore, paragraph 8.4.3 of PPW states that:
8.4.3 Local authorities should consider parking issues on a joint basis with neighbouring authorities, utilising existing collaborative bodies such as regional planning fora or transport consortia. They should jointly establish maximum levels of parking for broad classes of development, together with a threshold size of development above which such levels will apply. These maximum standards should be set in collaboration with interested organisations. Local authority groupings will need to ensure that their parking standards reflect local transport provision, are adopted by individual authorities as supplementary planning guidance, and are kept under review. The Welsh Government will investigate mechanisms to endorse maximum parking standards prepared by local authority groupings.
4. It is therefore no longer considered appropriate to utilise a minimum parking standard to determine the parking requirements of new developments and joint working with adjacent local authorities is supported.
Relevant Issues and Options
5. In response to changing national policy the CSS developed new parking standards on behalf of and endorsed by the 22 Welsh Unitary Authorities and the four regional transport consortia. The CSS Wales: Wales Parking Standards 2008 seek to ensure a transparent and consistent approach to the provision of parking, submission of travel plans and sustainability considerations that aim to:
· Assist developers, designers and builders in the preparation and submission of planning applications;
· Achieve a common approach to the provision of vehicle parking facilities associated with new development and change of use.
6. The CSS Wales: Wales Parking Standards 2008 are attached at Appendix 1.
7. A fundamental departure from previous practise is the documents requirement for local authorities to introduce a system of zones for parking purposes into their Local Development Plans (LDPs) and the document lays out six such zones each with differing designated levels of parking requirement for development control purposes. While the CSS parking standards provide guidance on the six zones, it is the responsibility of individual local authorities to decide which of these zones are applicable and where the zone boundaries should be drawn within their administrative area.
8. This new approach to transport, with the change from predicting and providing for cars to managing traffic and reducing car dependency, means a new role for parking provision and control which the CSS standards have been prepared to address. The aim as before remains to ensure that new development proposals or changes of use are accompanied by sufficient parking space for private cars and service vehicles to avoid the need for vehicles to park on street and thereby cause congestion, danger and visual intrusion. The standards are therefore intended to cover all built up and rural areas in order to facilitate the application of appropriate and sufficient levels of parking in all circumstances.
9. Officers of the Council have been involved in the preparation of the CSS parking standards via the South Wales Highway Development Forum.
10. It is proposed that once endorsed, the CSS Wales Parking Standards 2008 will form the basis for revised Supplementary Planning Guidance (SPG) which will replace the Standing Conference on Regional Policy in South Wales Parking Guidelines (Revised in 1993 with a 2001 Addendum). The SPG will in due course be reported to Cabinet in advance of consultation on the same.
Resource Implications (Financial and Employment)
11. None arising from this report.
Sustainability and Climate Change Implications
12. None arising from this report. The application of maximum parking standards within developments would help to protect the environment, promote appropriate use of resources and encourage the requirement for travel plans.
Legal Implications (to Include Human Rights Implications)
13. None arising from this report.
Crime and Disorder Implications
14. None arising from this report.
Equal Opportunities Implications (to include Welsh Language issues)
15. None arising from this report.
16. The adoption of Supplementary Planning Guidance on Parking Standards will contribute to the Councils Corporate Service objectives in relation to the production of the Local Development Plan.
Policy Framework and Budget
17. This report is a matter for Executive Decision by Cabinet.
Consultation (including Ward Member Consultation)
18. None as the report has an impact on all wards.
Relevant Scrutiny Committee
19. Economy and Environment
CSS Wales Parking Standards 2008
Planning Policy Wales Edition 5 (November 2012)
John Marks: Tel 01446 704629
All Heads of Service
Operational Manager Development and Building Services
Operational Manager Legal - Committee Reports
Rob Thomas - Director of Development Services