Agenda Item No
The Vale of Glamorgan Council
Cabinet Meeting: 29 July 2013
Report of the Cabinet Member for Regeneration, Innovation, Planning and Transportation
County Surveyors Society Wales Parking Standards 2008 - Adoption of Parking Standards Supplementary Planning Guidance
Purpose of the Report
1. The report has been prepared to seek Cabinet approval of the Council's proposed Parking Standards Supplementary Planning Guidance (SPG) for public consultation.
1. That Cabinet approve the Draft Parking Standards SPG for the Vale of Glamorgan for public consultation purposes.
2. That a further report on the Parking Standards SPG is presented to Cabinet in due course setting out the findings of the public consultation exercise.
Reasons for the Recommendation
1. To endorse the Draft Parking Standards SPG for the Vale of Glamorgan for public consultation in accordance with the Council's adopted protocol for the production of SPG so as to afford the SPG additional weight as a material consideration in determining planning application and appeals.
2. To consider the outcomes of the public consultation exercise and formally approve the Draft Parking Standards SPG for the Vale of Glamorgan.
2. Cabinet will recall my report of the 25th February 2013 (Minute No.C1250 refers) which endorsed the use of the County Surveyors Society (CSS) Wales Parking Standards 2008 for use in the production of Supplementary Planning Guidance for the Vale of Glamorgan. The CSS parking standards were developed on behalf of and endorsed by the 22 Welsh Unitary Authorities and the four regional transport consortia. The CSS Wales: Wales Parking Standards 2008 seek to ensure a transparent and consistent approach to the provision of parking, submission of travel plans and sustainability considerations that aim to:
· Assist developers, designers and builders in the preparation and submission of planning applications;
· Achieve a common approach to the provision of vehicle parking facilities associated with new development and change of use.
Relevant Issues and Options
3. A fundamental departure from previous practise is the documents requirement for local authorities to introduce a system of zones for parking purposes into their Local Development Plans (LDPs) and the document lays out six such zones each with differing designated levels of parking requirement for development management purposes. While the CSS parking standards provide guidance on the six zones, it is the responsibility of individual local authorities to decide which of these zones are applicable and where the zone boundaries should be drawn within their administrative area.
4. The CSS zones have been interpreted and applied to the Vale of Glamorgan and the proposed zoning has been incorporated into the Draft SPG which is attached at Appendix 1 and Plan 1. The CSS Parking Zone descriptions and a summary of how they have been applied within the Vale of Glamorgan are provided below.
· Zone 1 - City Core.
Limited to the centre of the largest towns e.g. Cardiff. Typically there will be a wide range of public transport services, bus and rail. There will be very little car parking within the curtilage of individual buildings and that which there is, is almost entirely operational parking. The area is likely to be the commercial focus of a large hinterland. All on-street parking is regulated; all public off-street car parking is charged for.
None present within the Vale of Glamorgan.
· Zone 2 - Town Centre or City Centre Fringe.
The centre of towns which local people regard as their destination for most activity which is not met within their own local community, or an area immediately adjacent to the City Core (Zone 1). The area has a full range of retail activity and many commercial businesses, all within walking distance. The area is the focus of the local bus network and is likely to contain a railway station. Built density is high with little private car parking. There are significant parking restrictions and substantial amounts of off-street car parking available to the public.
The district shopping centres within the principal towns of the Vale of Glamorgan i.e. Barry (Holton Road); Barry (High Street/Broad Street); Penarth (Windsor Road); Cowbridge and Llantwit Major.
· Zone 3 - Urban.
Very much part of a substantial built up area with a number of basic local facilities within 400m walking distance. A range of bus routes offering up to 6 buses per hour; the range of destinations offering practical access to most but not all essential facilities. The curtilage of the site restricts, to an extent, what car parking can be provided. There are likely to be some restrictions on on-street parking and other available off-street parking is severely limited or non-existent.
Approximately 400 metres from the edge of the district shopping centres of the principal towns.
· Zone 4 - Suburban or Near Urban.
This zone comprises the outer edges of the largest towns; suburban locations in towns; the whole of smaller settlements offering a range of local facilities. There is an at least hourly bus service to the town centre and there may also be a railway station in the town. Local facilities include a local centre within 400m walking distance. Some other basic amenities such as a doctor’s surgery are also available within the same walking distance.
The outskirts of the principal towns and those villages with local and/or neighbourhood shopping centres and/or a range of services and facilities e.g. Rhoose, Sully, Dinas Powys.
· Zone 5 - Countryside.
Zone 5 encompasses areas, including small villages, with a few local facilities within walking distance. Motorised travel is required for most journeys, although there is some local employment. Public transport services have less than hourly frequency and then only to one local centre. There is no shortage of land for parking provision within the site but the adjacent highway system offers limited opportunities to park cars.
The larger sustainable villages within the Vale of Glamorgan e.g. Llancarfan, Wick, Ystradowen.
· Zone 6 - Deep Rural.
This zone comprises scattered individual buildings and is characterised by areas with no local facilities within walking distance. Motorised travel is required for all journeys but the most local. Public transport services are very infrequent or beyond walking distance. There is no shortage of land for parking provision within the site but the adjacent highway system offers no opportunities to park cars because of the narrowness of the highway.
All remaining villages, hamlets and areas of the Vale of Glamorgan.
5. In accordance with the Council's procedures for the reparation of SPGs, a 4 week consultation period will be undertaken on the Draft Parking Standards SPG. Following consultation, a summary of the comments and any subsequent changes proposed to the draft SPG, including a recommendation to approve the SPG, will be reported to Cabinet.
Resource Implications (Financial and Employment)
6. None arising from this report.
Sustainability and Climate Change Implications
7. The application of maximum parking standards within developments would help to protect the environment, promote appropriate use of resources and encourage the requirement for travel plans.
Legal Implications (to Include Human Rights Implications)
8. Section 38(6) of The Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004, requires that, in determining a planning application the determination must be in accordance with the Development Plan unless material considerations indicate otherwise.
9. The Welsh Government's document Unitary Development Plans Wales (2001) advises that Supplementary Planning Guidance may be a material consideration provided it is consistent with the development plan, the weight afforded to it being increased if it has been prepared in consultation with the general public and interested parties and if it has been the subject of a Council resolution.
10. If adopted the SPG will be a material consideration in the determination of planning applications / appeals.
Crime and Disorder Implications
11. None arising from this report.
Equal Opportunities Implications (to include Welsh Language issues)
12. None arising from this report.
13. The adoption of Supplementary Planning Guidance on Parking Standards will contribute to the Council's Corporate Service objectives in relation to the production of the Local Development Plan.
Policy Framework and Budget
14. This report is a matter for Executive decision.
Consultation (including Ward Member Consultation)
15. None as the report has an impact on all wards.
Relevant Scrutiny Committee
16. Economy and Environment
CSS Wales Parking Standards 2008
Planning Policy Wales Edition 5 (November 2012)
John Marks: Tel 01446 704629
All Heads of Service
Operational Manager Development and Building Services
Operational Manager Legal - Committee Reports
Group Engineer Planning and Transportation Services
Rob Thomas - Director of Development Services