Agenda Item No. 7


The Vale of Glamorgan Council


Scrutiny Committee (Economy and Environment): 20 May, 2014


Report of the Director of Visible Services and Housing


Waste Management and Cleansing - Recycling Performance


Purpose of the Report

1.         To update Committee on the Council's most recent recycling performance and to highlight some of the challenges in meeting future Welsh Government's (WG) statutory recycling targets.


1.         That Committee notes the continued improvement in the Council's municipal recycling performance and the challenges for the future in this service area.

Reason for the Recommendation

1.         To ensure that the Committee is kept informed.


2.         There are statutory targets for the disposal of residual waste and recycling determined via the European Union (EU) for implementation by European States. The EU revised Waste Framework Directive (rWFD) includes requirements for member states to:

·           apply the waste hierarchy in waste management legislation and policy;

·           promote the high quality recycling of waste materials as part of the overall aim to make the EU a 'recycling society’.

·           ensure that separate collection is set up for at least the following: paper, metal, plastic and glass by 2015;

·           prepare for reuse and the recycling of waste materials such as at least paper, metal, plastic and glass from households shall be increased to a minimum of overall 50% by weight by 2020;

·           prepare for reuse, recycling and other material recovery of non-hazardous construction and demolition waste shall be increased to a minimum of 70% by weight in 2020;

·           establish an integrated and adequate network of waste disposal installations and installation for the recovery of mixed household waste;

·           ensure that waste management is carried out without endangering human health and without harming the environment.

·           establish that waste management is carried out without endangering human health and without harming the environment;

·           establish waste management plans and municipal strategies;

·           establish Waste Prevention Programmes describing existing prevention measures, evaluating the usefulness of other measures and determine benchmarks for measurement of adopted prevention measures.

3.         WG's future statutory targets that we have to plan to meet and exceed include:

The Landfill Directive (1999/31/EC)

·           A substantial reduction in the amount of biodegradable waste (BMW) sent to landfill:

·           By 2020 to reduce BMW to 35% of that produced in 1995

·           The treatment of all wastes prior to landfill:








Municipal Waste recycled/











Minimum proportion reuse/recycled/

composted that must come from source separation

















Maximum level of landfill of municipal waste.









Maximum level of energy from waste











Minimum levels of preparing for reuse









Relevant Issues and Options

4.         Whilst the Council met and exceeded the WG statutory 2013/14 target of 52% for recycling and composting, achieving a total of 54% in 2012/13, the performance during 2013/14 at 55.24% is not increasing at a sufficient rate to guarantee that the Council will meet the 2015/16 target of 58%. It is felt that if the Council is to meet this target, and more particularly the 2019/20 (64%) and 24/25 (70%) targets, further revisions will be necessary to both its Strategy and waste management service delivery arrangements.

5.         In April 2014 the Council entered into a new medium term recycling reprocessing contract with CasePak Ltd for the sorting and reprocessing of its dry recycling, and officers will be working closely with the new contractor to increase the quality of recyclate throughout the contract period.

6.         In addition, the new Household Waste Recycling Contracts with Biffa Waste Ltd. at Llandow and the Atlantic Trading Estate, Barry, which commenced in April 2014, contain recycling performance clauses which will increase recycling performance at these sites in future. 

7.         The Council is also at the Final Tender stage of a joint procurement arrangement with Cardiff City Council for future Anaerobic Digestion (AD) treatment capacity for kitchen and garden wastes, with an anticipated 'Preferred Bidder' to be reported to both Councils in June/July 2014.

8.         The main Prosiect Gwyrdd contract is due to commence in 2016 and the bottom ash from this incineration process will contribute towards the Council's recycling targets by between 5% and 8% and whilst this will assist the Council in meeting the recycling targets post 2016, greater interventions will be required to actually meet and exceed these targets. 

9.         In order to meet the targets, black bag waste will have to reduce and participation in the Councils recycling services will have to increase. Therefore certain assessment work and studies will be required to establish both the recycling participation and capture rates across the Vale to highlight where participation can be increased and the number of black bags put out for disposal decreased.   

10.      Officers are currently working on amendments to the Council's Municipal Waste Management Strategy to establish the service changes that will be required to achieve the future targets. This work is being hampered somewhat by the uncertain position in respect to WG's expected interpretation of the EU Waste Framework Directive, via the forthcoming Environment Bill, due in the autumn of this year. The Bill is likely to preclude co-mingled collections as an appropriate kerbside waste collection method from January 2015. This would clearly have a major impact on the Vale of Glamorgan and the other 10 Welsh Councils who currently use this form of collection arrangement.

11.      Officers are liaising with colleagues in the other co-mingling Councils to consider and prepare a collective position to the new legislation. There is also a technical, environmental, economic and practical assessment process (TEEP) for co-mingled collections that could allow Councils to continue with certain elements, or all, of the co-mingled collection and this is also under consideration at this time.

12.      A report is to be tabled at Cabinet shortly which will update members on broad proposals for the amended Municipal Waste Management Strategy taking into account the implications of the Environment Bill and the outcome of the discussions with other co-mingling Councils regarding the way forward for future collections. The report will also detail the studies required to establish the necessary service arrangements to support the recycling improvements.

Resource Implications (Financial and Employment)

13.      There are no resource/staffing implications connected with this report, though there could be financial implications resulting from the Environmental Bill and the amended Municipal Waste Management Strategy.

14.      WG funding for 2014/15, through their Sustainable Waste Management Grant, is £2,548,722. Future grant allocations will decrease to that of previous years and this will prove challenging in budgetary terms, given that the landfill tax will continue to increase by approximately £8 / tonne per year.

Sustainability and Climate Change Implications

15.      The reduction of greenhouse gas emissions produced through improved recycling of municipal waste will have a positive impact on Climate Change and Sustainable Waste Management. The Climate Change Act places the UK target to reduce greenhouse gases by at least 80% by 2050 into statute. It also establishes a system of 5 year carbon budgets for the UK. The UK Government set the level of the first 3 budgets (2008-12; 2013-17; and 2018-22) in 2009.

16.      An integrated waste management strategy prioritising minimisation, reuse and recycling as well as generating energy from waste will contribute to the principles of sustainable development.

Legal Implications (to Include Human Rights Implications)

17.      The rWFD requires that EU Members States must, by 1 January 2015, bring into force the laws, regulations and administrative provisions necessary to comply with the Directive. All Welsh Councils will we need to address the issues of separate household waste collections of paper, plastic, metal, and glass to comply with Article 11 of the rWFD by 1st Jan 2015 unless it can be proven that it is not necessary to provide such high quality recyclate, or a change to source separated collections is not technically, economically and environmentally practical (TEEP) [under part 5 of the Waste (England and Wales) Regulations 2011 (as amended by the 2012 Regulations)];

Crime and Disorder Implications

18.      There are no crime and disorder implications from this report.

Equal Opportunities Implications (to include Welsh Language issues)

19.      There are no equal opportunity implications as a result of this report.

Corporate/Service Objectives

20.      Outcome: Current and future generations of Vale residents and visitors enjoy the built and natural environments of the Vale of Glamorgan and actively protect and maintain them.

Minimising our impact on the environment:

E1 Work with a range of partners to provide appropriate residual and recycling collection treatment and disposal services and achieve national recycling target of 58%. (2015/16)

Policy Framework and Budget

21.      This report is consistent with the policy framework and budget.

Consultation (including Ward Member Consultation)

22.      As this matter relates to the whole of the Vale of Glamorgan no individual Member consultation has been undertaken.

Background Papers



Contact Officer

Clifford Parish - Operational Manager Waste Management and Cleansing - Tel: 02920 673220.


Officers Consulted

Accountant - Visible Services

Legal - Committee Reports


Responsible Officer:

Miles Punter - Director of Visible Services and Housing.