Agenda Item No


The Vale of Glamorgan Council

Cabinet Meeting: 17th December 2012

Report of the Cabinet Member for Regeneration, Innovation, Planning and Transportation

Publication of Planning Policy Wales Edition 5 and Practice Guidance on One Planet Developments


Purpose of the Report

1.         The purpose of this report is to notify Cabinet of the recent publication of the publication of Planning Policy Wales Edition 5 (November 2012) and practice guidance on One Planet Development (October 2012).


1.         That Cabinet note the publication of Planning Policy Wales Edition 5 (November 2012) and practice guidance on One Planet Development (October 2012).

2.         That a copy of this report is sent to Planning Committee for information purposes.

Reasons for the Recommendations

1.         To ensure that Cabinet is aware of the publication of the new national planning guidance.

2.         To advise Planning Committee of the publication of the new national planning guidance.



2.         Planning Policy Wales (PPW) sets the context for sustainable land use planning policy within which Local authorities' statutory Local Development Plans (LDPs) are prepared and development control decisions on individual planning applications and appeals are made. PPW is supplemented by a suite of topic based Technical Advice Notes (TANs) and procedural guidance is contained within circulars and policy clarification letters. It is important that planning policy continues to evolve to accommodate changing circumstances. Accordingly, the Welsh Government (WG) continually monitors PPW and the TANs in relation to their objectives for Wales and when necessary publishes updated national planning guidance.


Relevant Issues and Options

Planning Policy Wales 5th Edition (November 2012)


3.         Since PPW was first issued in March 2002, numerous subsequent editions have been published to reflect changes to facts, law, policies and references to other documents. The most significant of these changes arose from the introduction of LDPs under the Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004. In November 2012, the WG issued a 5th edition of PPW which can be viewed on the WG website via the following link: The main changes contained in the 5th edition of PPW are set out below and the policy related changes are attached at appendix A to this report.

(i)           Presumption in favour of sustainable development

4.         Amendments to chapters 2 (Development Plans) and 4 (Planning for Sustainability) help to strengthen and clarify the presumption in favour of sustainable development. The latest edition of PPW re-iterates the need to have an adopted development plan in place and to make decisions in accordance with the development plan with the objective of contributing to sustainable development. The revisions also include guidance for Local Planning Authorities in determining planning applications to give decreasing weight to development plan policies where they are outdated or superseded in favour of other material considerations such as national planning policy.

(ii)          Revised Chapter 7 on Economic Development

5.         The revised chapter sets out how the planning system should aim to support and promote economic and employment growth alongside social and environmental considerations. In addition, it seeks to ensure that local planning authorities plan for the whole economy and requires the establishment of an up to date evidence base, including an Employment Land Review and the development of a comprehensive understanding of local economies and wider regional economies.

(iii)         The Town and Country Planning (Notification) (Wales) Direction 2012 and accompanying Welsh Government Circular 07/12

6.         Updates have been made to sections 3.12, 9.3 and 10.3 to reflect the introduction of the above consolidated Planning Direction and Circular which replaced the Shopping and Departure Directions and their accompanying Welsh Office Circulars 39/92 and 61/93 in July 2012.

One Planet Development Practice Guidance (October 2012)

7.         PPW and TAN 6 Planning for Sustainable Rural Communities set out the policy context for One Planet Development in the open countryside. The recently published practice guidance describes the planning requirements for One Planet Developments in rural locations outside existing settlements. The guidance can be viewed on the WG website via the following link:

8.         The guidance is essentially a companion to TAN 6, covering all the requirements for a planning application for One Planet Development. It focuses on the Management Plan that must accompany all One Planet Development planning applications and the Ecological Footprint Analysis that sits alongside the Management Plan. The guidance also provides information for applicants putting together proposals for One Planet Development in the countryside and for Local Planning Authorities assessing them.

9.         Paragraph 9.3.11 of PPW defines One Planet Developments as "development that through its low impact either enhances or does not significantly diminish environmental quality." In addition, it states that "One Planet Developments should initially achieve an ecological footprint of 2.4 global hectares per person or less in terms of consumption and demonstrate clear potential to move towards 1.88 global hectares over time (the global average availability of resources in 2003). They should also be zero carbon in both construction and use"

10.      Paragraph 9.3.12 goes on to note that " land based One Planet Developments can take a number of forms. They can either be single homes, co-operative communities or larger settlements. They may be located within or adjacent to existing settlements or be situated in the open countryside. Land based One Planet Developments located in the open countryside should provide for the minimum needs of the inhabitants in terms of income, food, energy and waste assimilation over a period of no more than 5 years from the commencement of work on the site. This should be evidenced by a management plan produced by a competent person(s). The management plan should set out the objectives of the proposal, the timetable for development of the site and the timescale for review. It should be used as the basis of a legal agreement relating to the occupation of the site, should planning consent be granted."

Resource Implications (Financial and Employment)

11.      There are no financial or employment implications arising from the publication of the new planning guidance. However, the One Planet Development practice guidance requires the monitoring and control of successful applications which will have resource implications for the Council's planning enforcement section.

Sustainability and Climate Change Implications

12.      PPW Edition 5 (November 2012) strengthens and clarifies the presumption in favour of sustainable development. The One Planet Development Practice Guidance seeks to ensure that such developments are designed to minimise carbon and environmental impacts in construction and use and so achieve greatest sustainability.

Legal Implications (to Include Human Rights Implications)

13.      PPW Edition 5 (November 2012), TANs and circulars may be material to decisions on individual planning applications and are considered by the Welsh Ministers and Planning Inspectors in the determination of called-in planning applications and appeals.

Crime and Disorder Implications

14.      None arising from this report.

Equal Opportunities Implications (to include Welsh Language issues)

15.      PPW Edition 5 (November 2012) and the practice guidance on One Planet Development (October 2012) is published in both english and welsh.

Corporate/Service Objectives

16.      One of the service objectives for Planning and Transportation is "to protect and enhance the Vale’s natural and built environment." The new guidance will assist in achieving this objective.

Policy Framework and Budget

17.      This report is a matter for Executive Decision by Cabinet.

Consultation (including Ward Member Consultation)

18.      No ward Member consultation has been undertaken as the report has implications for the Vale of Glamorgan as a whole rather than specific wards.

Relevant Scrutiny Committee

19.      Economy and Environment.

Background Papers

Planning Policy Wales 5th Edition (November 2012)

One Planet Development Practice Guidance (October 2012)

Technical Advice Note 6: Planning for Sustainable Rural Communities (2010)


Contact Officer

Lucy Butler, Tel: 01446 704665


Officers Consulted

Operational Manager Legal - Committee Reports

Senior Accountant

Operational Manager Development Management and Building Services


Responsible Officer:

Rob Thomas - Director of Development Services