Agenda Item No. 10
The Vale of Glamorgan Council
Scrutiny Committee (Lifelong Learning): 22nd September, 2014
Report of the Director of Learning and Skills
School and Community Based Counselling Service for Young People
Purpose of the Report
1. To advise Members of the current position and progress in relation to the development of the local school based counselling service in the Vale of Glamorgan.
1. That Members note the report and the progress to date.
2. That the Scrutiny Committee (Lifelong Learning) continues to monitor progress in the development of the service.
Reasons for the Recommendations
1. To ensure Members are kept informed of the counselling service and the impact on young people.
2. To consider the progress that has been achieved.
2. A key recommendation following the Clywch report in 2004 which was issued by the then Children's Commissioner Peter Clark was the establishment of a counselling service for young people.
3. The benefits to young people of such a service are well documented and following consultation Welsh Assembly Government launched its National Strategy for School-Based Counselling Service for Wales in April 2008.
4. In 2008 the Vale of Glamorgan was successful in accessing funding for its proposed model to deliver a counselling service and Barnardos Cymru Ltd were selected as the preferred service deliverer.
5. The initial funding for the service allocated in 2008/09 was £42K, and this rose to £192K in 2012/13. The increase each year was to enable the service to grow slowly and ensure all secondary and special schools received a service. From April 2013 funding was provided through the revenue support grant and the remit was expanded to include provision for your people up to 19 years old.
6. Welsh Government guidance ensures that all 8 mainstream secondary schools receive a service of either 1 or 2 days per week. Additional days are allocated for special schools, out of school provision and some primary provision. The service also covers pupil referral units, those receiving home tuition non-attenders and those accessing or entitled to educational support.
7. In March 2013 the School Standards and Organisational (Wales) Act set in place a legal requirement for all local authorities to secure 'reasonable provision' for an 'independent counselling service' in respect of health, emotional and social needs.
8. A multi-agency Management Board oversees development of the service in the Vale of Glamorgan, including officers from the Learning and Skills directorate, head teachers and officers from the Public Health Team.
9. An open procurement process took place during 2013 for the delivery of a School and Community Based Counselling Service in line with the School Standards and Organisation (Wales) Act 2013 and with the Council's Standing Orders. Action for Children were appointed as the provider from June 2013 for a 3 year period.
Relevant Issues and Options
10. Robust monitoring and evaluation systems are in place to comply with Welsh Government requirements, and the Management Board continues to oversee the service. The service continues to report to Welsh Government as required and is part of any Estyn inspection that takes place of the local authority or individual schools. Feedback is collected from school staff and pupils.
11. Between April 2013 to March 2014, 379 young people undertook an episode of counselling, 11 of these were year 6 pupils and 34 where part of the community counselling and included those referred by post education providers or the Out of School Team. This equated to 1,558 individual sessions, with females accounting for over 60% of those accessing the service. More young people appear to access the service as they get older, with a peak in year 10. Approximately 40% of young people self-refer to the service through various mechanisms including electronically.
12. Of those seen by a counsellor, 5 young people reported being a 'Looked After Child' (LAC), this is below the national average. This has been discussed by the Management Board and raised with the appropriate staff working directly with LAC, but numbers remain low. 51 young people identified themselves as having a special educational need or a disability, which equates to approximately 14% of service users, most of whom are within mainstream education.
13. The main issues for referral (presenting issues) are family, stress, anger and stress issues. Predominant issues highlighted during counselling include family, pupil self -worth and anger.
14. YP Core is used as a tool to assess psychological wellbeing. Outcome data continues to show significant positive progress for the young people undertaking counselling. The YP Core tool shows a consistent 6 to 7 point reduction in pre and post counselling intervention on a scale of 0 (Healthy) to 40 (Severe). Appendix 2 demonstrates a sample of typical young people entering counselling at about a score of 18 points (moderate) and completing an episode of counselling on a score of 11 (mild).
15. A small number of child protection issues have been identified through individual counselling sessions and positive links have been developed with the Intake and Family Support Team within Social Services. The numbers being referred to the Child and Adolescent Mental Health Service (CAMHS) also remain low, but informal feedback from CAMHS suggests that the number of referrals to CAMHS are reducing and those young people being referred are considered more appropriate referrals.
16. An annual report (Appendix 1) refers to a service review that has been under taken by Action for Children.
17. Feedback from young people using the Post Counselling Questionnaire (PCE) is positive. From 85 returned questionnaires about 95% of the young people strongly agreed or agreed that:
- the referral process worked well.
- they felt comfortable with the counsellor and would use the service again.
- using the service had helped improve relationships with friends and family.
- their own behaviour and their ability to concentrate at school has improved things.
18. Informal and formal reports from individual professionals and teachers highlight the benefits and satisfaction of counselling for young people. Feedback indicates high levels of satisfaction within schools of the counsellors' practice, professionalism and attitude to young people. Action for Children Counselling project lead meets with schools on a termly basis to discuss emerging issues (Appendix 3).
19. The change in contract from Barnardos to Action for Children had some negative implications. Some counsellors choose to remain with Barnardos, one has been on long term sick and some have since left the service. Recruitment of counsellors and volunteer counsellors has been slower than hoped and has delayed meeting all the new contracted benefits offered by the new provider.
20. Frustration has also been noted amongst schools and young people about waiting list times (73 waiting in November, 80 in February, 80 in April and 57 in June), reflecting changes in staffing and recruitment delays, the new guidance broadening access to the service (year 6 and up to 19 years of age) and the popularity and normalisation of the service: young people wish to seek help and teachers are willing to refer to the service, seeing the advantages to the young person's wellbeing. However unrealised projected increases in the number of days within the new contract should have helped counteract many of these issues.
21. It is difficult to accurately compare historic numbers accessing the service and total number of interviews conducted with current data, due to changes in funding periods (Academic to financial years) developmental funding increases and previous delivery model. However figures for both the Autumn term 2011 and Spring term 2012 would be closest in terms of funding and model delivery and therefore most comparable. In Autumn 2011 85 young people accessed counselling (89 in 2013) and 368 interviews were conducted (375 interviews in 2013), however, Spring term 2012 shows significantly higher numbers of 108 young people accessing counselling (compared to 79 in 2013) and 529 interviews (compared to 321 interviews in 2013).
22. Close working between Action for Children and the contract manager and Management Board ensures that all noted issues are being monitored closely and that standards remain high and issues are regularly discussed and challenged.
Resource Implications (Financial and Employment)
23. Welsh Government has allocated funding, which is part of the Revenue Support Grant. The Learning and Skills Department has utilised this funding to procure a service from June 2013 for £185,000 per year for 3 years (until May 2016).
Sustainability and Climate Change Implications
24. The Community Based Counselling Service contributes to the Sustainable Development principle of ensuring a Strong, Healthy and Just Society.
Legal Implications (to Include Human Rights Implications)
25. Under the School Standards and Organisation (Wales) Act 2013 local authorities are required to make reasonable provision for counselling services for registered pupils receiving secondary education at maintained schools in their area and to those receiving secondary education at other schools in their area. Welsh Ministers may by regulations require provision for independent counselling in primary schools and/or at other locations.
26. Inspections of local authorities are carried out under Section 38 of the Education Act 1997 which provides that Her Majesty's Chief Inspector of Education and Training Wales (HMCI) 'may, and, if requested to do so by the Secretary of State, shall, arrange for any local authority to be inspected'. Estyn’s Common Inspection Framework includes learner well being as a reporting feature.
27. The inspectorate has powers relating to section 51 of the Children Act 2004, namely in co-operating to improve the wellbeing of children.
Crime and Disorder Implications
28. In delivering an effective counselling service vulnerable young people are listened to, supported and helped to deal within their own issues, thereby reducing the risk of negative and anti social behaviour and reducing the risk of entering into criminal activity now and in the future.
Equal Opportunities Implications (to include Welsh Language issues)
29. Welsh Government guidance on the development of a universal counselling service ensures all young people aged 11-19 have equal access to the service regardless of perceived need.
30. There is a commitment in the Children and Young People's section of the Corporate Plan, under Safeguarding Vulnerable Children and Young People: "To increase access to counselling and advocacy services for children and young people, in particular with other agencies and on a regional basis where this is possible. (2013/14)"
Policy Framework and Budget
31. This is a matter for executive decision
Consultation (including Ward Member Consultation)
32. Not applicable
Relevant Scrutiny Committee
33. Lifelong Learning
Mark Davies, Children and Young People's Partnership Manager
Huw Isaac, Head of Performance and Development
Gill Toon Principal Educational Psychologist
David Davies, Lead Officer Inclusion
Carolyn Michael, Operational Manager Accountancy
Jennifer Hill, Director of Learning and Skills